Looking at SDG4 ‘Quality Education’ through the eyes of a child: Thank you Nika for sharing your video and reminding us that education is a fundamental human right, and that achieving inclusive and quality education for all is indispensable for the achievement of sustainable development.
This is a message from Nika about her video:
“I’m Nika Keovilay and I’m a thirteen year-old girl who is half Ukranian, half Lao. I live in Vientiane, Laos, which is a beautiful, small country with a unique culture and history. I am currently studying at a bilingual school and I’ll be attending Grade Seven this coming semester.
I created this video as I felt lucky to be able to attend a school and get a proper education. I wish for the same for all Lao children and for all the children in this world. I believe all children should learn new things, enjoy school and be able to have a chance to achieve their dreams. Children must be able to dream who they want to be and more improtantly, be able to accomplish it.
Thank you for watching“
In line with the global development agenda and its recognition of child poverty as a unique condition with its own set of considerations, the Cambodian Government has recognized that child poverty analysis is an important tool for evaluating the impact of its poverty agenda. Using a child lens to assess the challenges of poverty reduction offers key insight into the nature of poverty in Cambodia – who the poor are, why their poverty persists, and how poverty is intergenerationally transmitted. Understanding the current context of child poverty and establishing baselines to assess progress is indispensable to achieving the 2030 SDG targets.
In support of UNICEF Cambodia, we studied child poverty in Cambodia through both the multidimensional and monetary perspective, which supports a more precise measurement and a better understanding of the situation of children in Cambodia. Where the monetary poverty measurement focuses on assessing the average financial means children’s households have available, multidimensional poverty measurement determines whether children’s basic needs are being met independent of income. The separate analysis of these two concepts of poverty allow for a more complete picture of the reality of Cambodian children, and for the identification of the most vulnerable subgroups of children that require specialized policy and programming.
The analysis was conducted using 2014 government data: the Cambodia Socio-Economic Survey (CSES) for monetary poverty and the Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey (CDHS) for the multidimensional component.
Full and summary reports available through UNICEF
The Republic of Guinea has committed to achieving target 1.2 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) established by the United Nations member states, to reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions (according to national definitions).
Multidimensional child poverty analysis is an essential tool to evaluate the impact of a government’s poverty agenda. We were happy to support UNICEF Guinea in a Child Poverty Study in Guinea using UNICEF Innocenti’s MODA (Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis) approach. Using their quantitative analysis skills, our team of researchers utilized raw and semi-raw MICS5 data, to inform the multidimensional deprivations faced by children in Guinea.
As part of this assignment, selected members of the Institut National de la Statistique and of the Laboratoire d’Analyses Socio-anthropologiques de Guinée were trained in the conceptual approach adopted for child poverty (including multidimensional poverty analysis) measurement and guided to apply these concepts for the calculation of child poverty related statistics and their analysis for Guinea. The results of this analysis will also allow for update of the country’s SitAn (Situation Analysis), previously realized by SPRI members. Learn about the study, its results and methodology by reading its accompanying summary report (French language) and infographic (French and English language), now available for full download.
Full download: Guinea (MODA) Summary Report
Social Protection in the Changing Labour Market
SPRI Global is proud to collaborate with the Department of Sociology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia and BPJS Ketenagakerjaan (Employment Social Security Agency), Indonesia in organizing the International Summer Course on Social Protection in the Changing Labour Market. The course will be held this year from September 17-28 in Yogyakarta – an Indonesian city known for its rich local culture. The course is free of charge, but our total capacity for participants is limited, and participants will be selected from different countries.
Recent developments on issues related to employment and social protection have uncovered new knowledge and policy gaps in many countries around the world. Demographic changes, disruptive technology, neoliberal economic pressure and wider inequalities are just some the factors creating these gaps. In response, we are contributing to the global knowledge exchange and discourse on these issues by organizing an international summer course on “Social Protection in the Changing Labour Market”.
The course is structured in four modules:
- Social protection in a global context,
- Demographic changes and employment,
- Digital economy and young workers,
- Current trends in the sociology of work.
Should you apply?
You are welcome to apply if you are a
- Final year undergraduate student in the social sciences
- Master level student or early phase doctoral student
- Development professional specializing in social protection and employment
We expect to have a maximum of 40 participants.
All sessions of this summer course will be designed and taught by the following researchers and consultants:
- Professor Chris de Neubourg, SPRI Belgium
- Ms Sinta Satriana, SPRI Belgium
- Ms Julia Karpati, SPRI Belgium
- Ms Nesha Ramful, SPRI Belgium
- Ms Michiko Miyamoto, ILO Jakarta
- A/Professor Dan Woodman, University of Melbourne, Australia
- A/Professor Debra King, Flinders University, Australia
- Dr. Prapaporn Tivayanond Mongkhonvanit, Thammasat University, Thailand
- Dr. Dinna Wisnu, Binus University, Jakarta
- Dr. M. Falikul Isbah, Universitas Gadjah Mada
- Dr. Hakimul Ikhwan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
- Dr. Oki Rahadianto Sutopo, Universitas Gadjah Mada
All participants will be provided with free:
- Breakfast and lunch
- Course kit
- Certificate/Credit Transfer
- Registration open: June 1 – July 30
- Announcement of selected participants: August 6
- Re-registration: August 7-10
- Summer Course: September 17-28
This course is equal to 3 SKS (Indonesian credit system) or 4 ECTS (European credit system).
Online Application : http://sosiologi.fisipol.ugm.ac.id/main/international-summer-course/
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
For the third successive year, UNICEF’s three Regional Offices covering Africa have come together and collected studies and reports that are being produced on the continent, representing the collective knowledge supported by UNICEF in 2018.
SPRI Global had the great pleasure of partnering with UNICEF on seven of the 131 most important reports and studies that UNICEF and its partners are generating on the situation of children and young people on the continent.
The 2018 Catalogue features the following of our joint projects – the entry for each study or report includes a short description, as well as information on the authors and contributors, planned publication date, and contact details for obtaining additional information:
- Child Poverty in Angola: A Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA)
- Child Poverty in Guinea: A National Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA)
- Child Poverty in Lesotho: A Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA)
- Child Poverty in Rwanda: A Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA)
- Child Poverty in Swaziland: A Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA)
- Child Poverty in South Africa: A Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA)
- Situation Analysis of Children and Women in Guinea
Child Poverty in Angola: A Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA)
Child Poverty in Guinea: A National Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA)
Situation Analysis of Children and Women in Guinea
Child Poverty in South Africa: A Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA)
Child Poverty in Swaziland: A Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA)
Child Poverty in Rwanda: A Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA)
Child Poverty in Lesotho: A Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA)
In addition, we are also currently partnering with UNICEF on Multidimensional Child Deprivation in Ethiopia: First National Estimates, which is due for launch in the latter half of 2018.
The availability of knowledge and evidence is crucial for informing policies and programmes to ensure they have an impact on children and contribute to the realization of children’s rights. The aim of the Catalogue is to provide timely information on the knowledge UNICEF and partners are generating in Africa, and to introduce publications that are a helpful resource for evidence-based decision making and programming.
The full report is available for download from UNICEF Innocenti.
Ending child poverty is a key commitment of the Government of Rwanda, highlighted in the 2017–2024 National Strategy for Transformation as well as through the government’s strong support to achieve the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 39% of children 0–17 years in Rwanda are currently multidimensionally poor – the SDG target is to reduce this figure by at least half by 2030.
Multidimensional child poverty analysis is an essential tool to evaluate the impact of a government’s poverty agenda. We were happy to support UNICEF Rwanda and the National Institute of Statistics Rwanda (NISR) in assessing current challenges for children’s wellbeing in Rwanda. The study applies UNICEF Innocenti’s Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) approach and both the full report and summary report are now available for download from UNICEF Rwanda.
UNICEF Zambia, the Ministry of National Development Planning, and the Central Statistical Office recently launched the first child poverty study in Zambia using a multidimensional approach. The study is based on UNICEF’s Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) approach, and its conclusive findings are based on the unique analysis of deprivations among individual children (not on household data). This analysis considers the nature of child deprivations at different life stages allowing for a precise measurement of deprivations of children in poverty.
For example, in the case of being deprived in the education dimension, each child can be deprived in the education dimension even when their siblings are not. This realistically precise estimate avoids under- or overestimation compared to studies using household data, as seen in other multidimensional poverty methodologies. The MODA approach thus also allows for demonstrating the differences between boys and girls in a precise manner, compared to other, less precise multidimensional poverty measurement methods.
This publication for Zambia points to issues that are important for policy design and for country-specific programming to better respond to the deprivations faced by children. Child poverty results for Zambia are a baseline for the 2017-2021 National Monitoring and Evaluation framework that will also be used for Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) reporting.
In the near future Angola, Cambodia, Lesotho, Swaziland, Rwanda, Ethiopia and Libya will publish a child poverty study based on MODA.
UNICEF and the National Institute of Statistics (INE) recently published the Child Poverty Report for Angola. In the report, the institutes adopt the Child-Rights approach advocated by UNICEF and reflected in the MODA methodology. This approach emphasises the importance of the nature of the UN Convention on the rights of the child, by giving equal weights to the dimensions in which children can be deprived.
This rights-based approach voids giving arbitrary weights to each of the dimensions, stating that children need adequate nutrition, education and health care as well as access to safe water, sanitation and protection from violence and abuse. Each of these dimensions is equally important and they cannot be weighted hierarchically, which is suggested by other multidimensional poverty estimates.
Given that the needs of children differ depending on their age, the analysis evaluates the variations in deprivations across four age groups, considering an age-group-specific set of indicators and child dimensions of well-being which contributes to a more comprehensive understanding of child deprivations compared to studies using household data. Overall, the MODA analysis provides relevant evidence for advocacy and programmatic purposes, and provides the Government of Angola with a baseline for the child-related SDG 1.2 indicators.
In the near future Cambodia, Zambia, Lesotho, Swaziland, Ethiopia and Libya will publish a child poverty study based on MODA.
UNICEF and the National Institute of Statistics Rwanda (NISR) recently published their Multidimensional Child Poverty study for Rwanda. The study measures child poverty using individual deprivation data for children applying UNICEF’s Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) approach.
The publication provides an exploration of the single- and overlapping deprivations that children experience, and changes in the levels of multidimensional child poverty between 2010 and 2015. The results of the study illustrate the association of child deprivations with child mortality, and how well the methodology is suited to provide detailed analysis of stunting among younger children.
The study also compares the overlap between children (5 to 17 years) living in monetary poor households and the children multidimensionally poor and finds that 13 per cent of the children deprived in at least 3 dimensions do not live in monetary poor households. The report thus shows the richness of the rights-based approach that is underlying MODA.
In the near future Angola, Cambodia, Zambia, Lesotho, Swaziland, Ethiopia and Libya will publish a child poverty study based on the MODA methodology.
Kenya joins the 60+ countries in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and Europe that use UNICEF’s National Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (N-MODA) to analyze child poverty and deprivation in the country. The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) has chosen MODA for estimating multidimensional deprivation and poverty among children of all ages. The study was officially launched in March 2018.
KNBS appreciated the fact that MODA, contrary to other approaches, uses individual data for children to assess multiple deprivations in a rights-based framework. The MODA application for Kenya is complemented with monetary poverty analysis and monitors progress in realization of SDG 1.2.2. (reducing poverty of men, women, and children of all ages in all its dimensions) between 2008-09 and 2014 using Kenya Demographic Health Survey data. The results are provided separately for boys and girls and the 47 county profiles.
MODA results in the study have been complemented with qualitative research findings from fieldwork in the counties of Turkana, Kakamega, and Kitui carried out during August 2016. SPRI team carried out numerous focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with service providers in the sectors of health, education, and nutrition, and beneficiaries – mothers and children – to gain an insight on barriers in service accessibility and bottlenecks in service provision.
In the near future Angola, Cambodia, Zambia, Lesotho, Rwanda, Swaziland, Ethiopia and Libya will publish a child poverty study based on MODA.
Download the report: Child Poverty in Kenya: A multidimensional approach