Multidimensional Child Poverty Analysis

With leadership from the Ministry of Economic Planning and Development, UNICEF Swaziland has partnered with SPRI Global on conducting a child poverty analysis among children in Swaziland. The aim of this project is to carry out a poverty, vulnerability and deprivation analysis of children by applying the Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology.

Access to income at the household level may not directly translate into improvements in its members’ wellbeing, especially children, not only because they are not the decision-makers in households (they are not sovereign consumers), but also because their needs are specific and they are not necessarily fulfilled by higher household incomes. In order to complement traditional income-based measures of poverty with multidimensional deprivation analysis and to generate quality evidence on child poverty and disparities, UNICEF developed MODA. MODA adopts a holistic definition of child wellbeing, concentrating on the access of children to various goods and services that are crucial for their survival and development. It recognizes that a child’s experience of deprivations is multi-faceted and interrelated, and that such multiple and overlapping deprivations are more likely to occur, and with greater adverse effects, in socio-economically disadvantaged groups.

As part of this project, selected members of the Institut National de la Statistique and of the Laboratoire d’Analyses Socio-anthropologiques de Guinée will be trained in the conceptual approach adopted for child poverty (including multidimensional poverty analysis) measurement and guided to apply these concepts for the assessment and analysis of child poverty related. The results of this analysis will also allow the update of the country’s SitAn (Situation Analysis) previously provided by SPRI Global. Through capacity building, this project is set to increase national knowledge on non-monetary child poverty while assisting the Government of Swaziland in defining the baseline for the child related SDG goals. Local stakeholders will receive technical training with the prospects of future MODA analyses in Swaziland, being able to follow up on the baseline SDG measurements. This project will assess children’s overlapping deprivation by using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS 5) of 2014.

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