Thailand Multidimensional Child Poverty Plan of Action for Monitoring SDG Indicator 1.2 and 1.2

This report summarizes the options for measuring and monitoring Multidimensional and Monetary Child Poverty as required by SGD 1.1 and 1.2 for Thailand.

During a ‘Workshop on Multidimensional Child Poverty under the SDGs’ for Thailand in Bangkok on July 27-28, 2016, the main government and research actors involved in the discussion in the country deliberated on the desirable list of indicators and dimensions that would constitute a measure of multidimensional child poverty to measure and track progress on SDG 1.1 and 1.2. In follow-up discussions with some of these specialists, a discussion was held on the availability of data sources for monitoring SDG 1.1 and 1.2 for children in Thailand.

As a background for the discussions and to document the various options, SPRI has explored the available Thai databases (The Socio-economic survey (SES); Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey (MICS); and The Child and Youth Survey (CYS) ) in order to find indicators, dimensions and thresholds that would adequately reflect the poverty situation of children in the country. The researchers also applied a first application of Multidimensional Child Poverty analyses using MODA- and MPI– types of methodologies. The results of these preliminary analyses on older data were used as empirical illustrations during the workshops and are used in this report to illustrate some of the options. The Thai authorities need to make decisions on how to measure and monitor Monetary and Multidimensional Child Poverty to reflect he ambitions formulated in the SDG targets 1.1 and 1.2. The main focus of the report is on defining two options for the way forward and the steps in the decision making process.

The report includes the theoretical considerations that are important in making decisions on how to measure Child Poverty in its Monetary and Multidimensional aspects, and depicts the main questions and decisions to be taken. The report further discusses the two major issues to be addressed when considering multidimensional poverty research: the definition of dimensions and indicators and the decision on the aggregate measure to adopt. The potential data sources for Thailand are explored and  propose a way forward in the case of Thailand.

  • Research Note: Monitoring SDG 1.1 and SDG 1.2 in Thailand