Monetary and Multidimensional Child Poverty

Mongolia is experiencing rapid economic and social changes. Its recent economic growth – largely fueled by the extractive sector – has resulted in increased income for the Government of Mongolia and the country’s private sector. This increased income presents significant opportunities for economic diversification, improvements in education, infrastructure development and strengthening of social programmes.

As Mongolia moves towards Middle Income Country status, it is vitally important that the benefits from this growth are directed to include poverty alleviation measures, including improved access to health and education for citizens, to create a better life and a brighter future for all of Mongolia’s children. Despite these rapid economic changes, Mongolia still faces many challenges, including persistent poverty and growing disparities between rich and poor and between urban and rural communities.

SPRI Global carried out Mongolia 3 different MODA analyses in Mongolia; a national study and 2 studies at lower levels (Khuvgsul province and Nalaikh district). In order to conduct the analysis, the datasets MICS4, MICS5 and Household and Socio-Economic Surveys (HSES) 2012 were used. The N-MODA took into account both monetary poverty and non-monetary poverty definitions (and the overlap between monetary and non-monetary poverty) to calculate the child poverty rate in Mongolia.

The project outputs included:

  • Capacity building
  • Summary reports
    • Child Monetary- and Multidimensional Poverty in Mongolia (Nalaikh District) – A summary report
    • Child Monetary- and Multidimensional Poverty in Mongolia (Khuvsul Aimag) – A summary report
    • Child Monetary- and Multidimensional Poverty in Mongolia – A summary report
  • Final report: Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis for Children in Mongolia.

The results of the study have been published on the N-MODA portal for Mongolia.

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