SPRI Global has partnered with UNICEF Maroc for a study informing child monetary and non-monetary poverty, through an analysis of the “Enquête Panel des Ménages” datasets of 2013 and 2015. To ensure local ownership of the outputs derived from the study and to facilitate future research, a selection of members from the ONDH (Observatoire National pour le Développement Humain) research institute, have been trained in child poverty measurement concepts as well as the application of the Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology. The training sessions included an introduction to the Stata software for child poverty analysis using nationally representative datasets.
Understanding child poverty and deprivation is key to develop policies that ensure children’s proper development and wellbeing. Analyses often focus solely on monetary well-being, utilizing income or expenditure measures to assess the poverty status of members of a given household. While financial constraints are one of the most important determinants of child deprivation, not all monetary poor children are deprived nor are all deprived children monetary poor.
Access to income at the household level may not directly translate into improvements in its members’ wellbeing, especially children, not only because they are not the decision-makers in households (they are not sovereign consumers), but also because their needs are specific and they are not necessarily fulfilled by higher household incomes. In order to complement traditional income-based measures of poverty with multidimensional deprivation analysis and to generate quality evidence on child poverty and disparities, UNICEF developed MODA. MODA adopts a holistic definition of child wellbeing, concentrating on the access of children to various goods and services that are crucial for their survival and development. It recognizes that a child’s experience of deprivations is multi-faceted and interrelated, and that such multiple and overlapping deprivations are more likely to occur, and with greater adverse effects, in socio-economically disadvantaged groups.