Together with UNICEF Kosovo, SPRI Global carried out a study assessing and analyzing poverty and deprivation among children, using the Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology. The goal of this study is to examine the situation of children in Kosovo: whether they are deprived in areas that impede their growth and how to define those areas.
The study consists of an in-depth examination of a wide range of dimensions related to deprivations children in Kosovo face, utilizing MODA. The analysis presents results not solely for Kosovar children, but also provides an in-depth look at the deprivation of children belonging to the Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities living in Kosovo. The study also highlights main areas and challenges that need to be addressed to improve the well-being of children in Kosovo.
Understanding child poverty and deprivation is key to develop policies that ensure children’s proper development and wellbeing. Analyses often focus solely on monetary well-being, utilizing income or expenditure measures to assess the poverty status of members of a given household. While financial constraints are one of the most important determinants of child deprivation, not all monetary poor children are deprived nor are all deprived children monetary poor.
Access to income at the household level may not directly translate into improvements in its members’ wellbeing, especially children, not only because they are not the decision-makers in households (they are not sovereign consumers), but also because their needs are specific and they are not necessarily fulfilled by higher household incomes.
In order to complement traditional income-based measures of poverty with multidimensional deprivation analysis and to generate quality evidence on child poverty and disparities, UNICEF developed MODA. MODA adopts a holistic definition of child wellbeing, concentrating on the access of children to various goods and services that are crucial for their survival and development. It recognizes that a child’s experience of deprivations is multi-faceted and interrelated, and that such multiple and overlapping deprivations are more likely to occur, and with greater adverse effects, in socio-economically disadvantaged groups.
The outputs of the study included a final report on the well-being of children using Multiple Overlapping Deprivations in Kosovo for Kosovar children, and for Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian children in Kosovo, as well as a chapter for the UNICEF Kosovo Situation Analysis based on the study’s main findings.
The final report has been published online by UNICEF and can be accessed here.
* All above references to Kosovo are made in the context of UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999)*