Together with UNICEF Guinea, SPRI Global is engaged in a child poverty study using the MODA (Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis) approach. The SPRI Global team is putting its quantitative analysis skills to use, working on raw and semi-raw MICS5 data, to inform the multidimensional deprivations faced by children in Guinea.
Understanding child poverty and deprivation is key to develop policies that ensure children’s proper development and wellbeing. Analyses often focus solely on monetary well-being, utilizing income or expenditure measures to assess the poverty status of members of a given household. While financial constraints are one of the most important determinants of child deprivation, not all monetary poor children are deprived nor are all deprived children monetary poor.
Access to income at the household level may not directly translate into improvements in its members’ wellbeing, especially children, not only because they are not the decision-makers in households (they are not sovereign consumers), but also because their needs are specific and they are not necessarily fulfilled by higher household incomes.
In order to complement traditional income-based measures of poverty with multidimensional deprivation analysis and to generate quality evidence on child poverty and disparities, UNICEF developed MODA. MODA adopts a holistic definition of child wellbeing, concentrating on the access of children to various goods and services that are crucial for their survival and development. It recognizes that a child’s experience of deprivations is multi-faceted and interrelated, and that such multiple and overlapping deprivations are more likely to occur, and with greater adverse effects, in socio-economically disadvantaged groups.
As part of this project, selected members of the Institut National de la Statistique and of the Laboratoire d’Analyses Socio-anthropologiques de Guinée will be trained in the conceptual approach adopted for child poverty (including multidimensional poverty analysis) measurement and guided to apply these concepts for the assessment and analysis of child poverty related. The results of this analysis will also allow the update of the country’s SitAn (Situation Analysis) previously provided by SPRI Global.