The projects’s purpose is to generate evidence on child poverty using UNICEF’s Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology. Specifically, the research activity is necessary to generate evidence on regional multidimensional poverty of children, including data on the proportion of children deprived in selected dimensions/single dimension deprivation analysis, and multiple dimensions in each region by different profiling variables.
This analysis builds on previous analyses that Ethiopia has undertaken on measuring multidimensional child poverty and deprivation. In 2017, SPRI Global assisted UNICEF Ethiopia, the Central Statistics Agency (CSA), and other national partners in conducting the analysis and drafting of the report ‘Multidimensional child deprivation in Ethiopia: First national estimates’ using 2016 and 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) datasets. In addition to the technical training for the national partners on carrying out multidimensional child poverty analysis using UNICEF’s MODA methodology, the project involved an extensive and participatory consultations process for selecting the parameters to be included in the analysis, including age groups, indicators, dimensions, thresholds, and profiling variables, and their validation using preliminary results.
The analysis will also contain policy implications and recommendations for each of the regions. Specifically, the
analysis for each region will include the following:
- Number and proportion of children deprived in each indicator and dimension used in the
- Percentage of children that are simultaneously deprived in more than 1 dimension and the
percentage of children that are not deprived in any dimensions; and level of deprivation
reflecting its breadth/the adjusted headcount ratio for the different groups and for the whole
- Proportion of children that are multidimensionally deprived across different cut-off points;
- Characteristics of children experiencing different number of deprivations, such as between
moderately and severely deprived children;
- Characteristics of the deprived children;
- Dimensions and sub-groups of population that contribute the most to the deprivation of
children/decomposition by sub-group and dimension;
- Inequality in the distribution of the number of dimensional deprivations experienced by each
- Differences in experience of deprivations between children and the general population;
- Trends in multidimensional child poverty;
- Policy implications and recommendations.
The results and the findings of the regional analyses are meant to be integrated in the regional Situation Analyses for UNICEF Ethiopia. This analysis of multidimensional child poverty in Ethiopia across 9 regions and 2 city administrations will thus use data from the 2016 and 2011 EDHS waves and build on the framework of analysis (UNICEF MODA) and parameters used to measure multidimensional child poverty at the national level in 2017 (which also used the abovementioned datasets).