SPRI Global is happy to support UNICEF Ethiopia in this study on the overlap between monetary and multidimensional poverty of children, using both quantitative and qualitative research methods. This analysis follows previous analyses Ethiopia has undertaken. In 2017, SPRI Global assisted UNICEF Ethiopia and national partners in a national consultative process to produce a multidimensional poverty analysis for children using the 2016 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS 2016). The analysis used UNICEF’s Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) toolbox. The process involved workshops with national stakeholders to reach a consensus over the definitions of dimensions, indicators, deprivation thresholds and age groups to serve a contextualized and child-sensitive analysis of the situation of children in Ethiopia. The study was launched in January 2019. The report is accessible through UNICEF Ethiopia.
With this study, UNICEF Ethiopia aims to expand the evidence-base on child well-being in Ethiopia by exploring the extent to which other available databases can be used to produce a multidimensional poverty analysis on children, including 2011 and 2016 phases of the Welfare Monitoring Survey (WMS) and Household Consumption Expenditure Survey (HCE). This involves going beyond studying children’s individual deprivation of multiple basic needs and services by investigating whether their households have the minimum financial means necessary for survival. Analyzing the extent of overlap between these two groups of children – those who are multidimensionally deprived, and those who are monetarily poor – will provide insight on: a) the nature of the relationship between monetary poverty and multidimensional deprivation for children in Ethiopia; b) will help identify the poorest children – who are simultaneously deprived and monetarily poor; c) show differences in characteristics between children who are not poor and/or deprived, those who are only monetarily poor, and those who are only deprived; and d) generate evidence on the extent to which child deprivation is linked to service provision and households’ financial resources.
Incorporating a qualitative research component to complement the quantitative findings to understand children’s perceptions of poverty is both an innovative and pioneering approach to highlight children’s voices in what is traditionally a highly technical research process. The qualitative research component aims at understanding issues with provision of basic services will provide crucial evidence for tackling child deprivation. SPRI Global is motivated to support UNICEF Ethiopia in carrying out this sensitive and important research.