Together with UNICEF Cameroon, SPRI Global designed and carried out a comprehensive study of child poverty and deprivations. The application of the Multiple Overlapping Deprivations Analysis methodology was at the core of the analysis and supplemented by in-depth documentary reviews. National statistical partners were trained in child poverty measurement theory as well as the application of the MODA methodology. The training sessions included an introduction to the Stata software for child poverty analysis using nationally representative datasets.
Understanding child poverty and deprivation is key to develop policies that ensure children’s proper development and wellbeing. Analyses often focus solely on monetary well-being, utilizing income or expenditure measures to assess the poverty status of members of a given household. While financial constraints are one of the most important determinants of child deprivation, not all monetary poor children are deprived nor are all deprived children monetary poor.
Access to income at the household level may not directly translate into improvements in its members’ wellbeing, especially children, not only because they are not the decision-makers in households (they are not sovereign consumers), but also because their needs are specific and they are not necessarily fulfilled by higher household incomes.
In order to complement traditional income-based measures of poverty with multidimensional deprivation analysis and to generate quality evidence on child poverty and disparities, UNICEF developed MODA. MODA adopts a holistic definition of child wellbeing, concentrating on the access of children to various goods and services that are crucial for their survival and development. It recognizes that a child’s experience of deprivations is multi-faceted and interrelated, and that such multiple and overlapping deprivations are more likely to occur, and with greater adverse effects, in socio-economically disadvantaged groups.
The results of the MODA analysis for Cameroon have also been published online in French and English on the N-MODA Portal for Cameroon.