PROJECTS

Burundi

Monetary and Multidimensional Poverty Analysis for Children

In the context of measuring the targets 1.1 and 1.2 of the Sustainable Development Goals 1, SPRI Global carried out a monetary and a multidimensional poverty analysis for children in Burundi. The indicators used as proxies for capturing the level of poverty amongst children are contextualized and are specific to Burundi.  The study is based on the  national household database L’Enquête sur les Conditions de Vies des Ménages” (ECVMB) 2013-2014.

An additional analysis was carried out for children below 5 years on data collected by the World Food Programme in Burundi that included more specific indicators on nutrition and health. The SPRI Global team also trained local stakeholders, statisticians from the national statistical institute (Institut de Statistiques et d’Etudes Economiques du Burundi), the University of Burundi and several ministries, in the use of the Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology in order to conduct multidimensional poverty analysis.

Understanding child poverty and deprivation is key to develop policies that ensure children’s proper development and wellbeing. Analyses often focus solely on monetary well-being, utilizing income or expenditure measures to assess the poverty status of members of a given household. While financial constraints are one of the most important determinants of child deprivation, not all monetary poor children are deprived nor are all deprived children monetary poor. Access to income at the household level may not directly translate into improvements in its members’ wellbeing, especially children, not only because they are not the decision-makers in households (they are not sovereign consumers), but also because their needs are specific and they are not necessarily fulfilled by higher household incomes.

In order to complement traditional income-based measures of poverty with multidimensional deprivation analysis and to generate quality evidence on child poverty and disparities, UNICEF developed MODA. MODA adopts a holistic definition of child wellbeing, concentrating on the access of children to various goods and services that are crucial for their survival and development. It recognizes that a child’s experience of deprivations is multi-faceted and interrelated, and that such multiple and overlapping deprivations are more likely to occur, and with greater adverse effects, in socio-economically disadvantaged groups.

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