In collaboration with with UNICEF Botswana and UNDP, SPRI Global carried out a multidimensional poverty analysis for both children and adults, utilizing the Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology. Applying the MODA toolbox to the Botswana Core Welfare Indicators Survey 2009-2010 national survey, the joint study produced
- A narrative report on Multidimensional Child Poverty
- A narrative report on multidimensional poverty for households in Botswana
Understanding poverty and deprivation is key to develop policies that ensure proper development and wellbeing. Analyses often focus solely on monetary well-being, utilizing income or expenditure measures to assess the poverty status of members of a given household. While financial constraints are one of the most important determinants of deprivation, not all monetary poor are deprived nor are all deprived monetary poor.
Access to income at the household level may not directly translate into improvements in its members’ wellbeing, especially children, not only because they are not the decision-makers in households (they are not sovereign consumers), but also because their needs are specific and they are not necessarily fulfilled by higher household incomes.
In order to complement traditional income-based measures of poverty with multidimensional deprivation analysis and to generate quality evidence on poverty and disparities, UNICEF developed MODA. MODA adopts a holistic definition of wellbeing, concentrating on the access to various goods and services that are crucial for their survival and development. It recognizes that experience of deprivations is multi-faceted and interrelated, and that such multiple and overlapping deprivations are more likely to occur, and with greater adverse effects, in socio-economically disadvantaged groups.