Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis

In partnership with UNICEF Angola, SPRI Global conducted a poverty, vulnerability and deprivation analysis of children using the Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology, applied to Angola’s Inquerito de Indicadores Multiplos e de Saude (IIMS) 2015-2016 dataset the Government of Angola to define the baseline for the child related Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 1.2 indicator. This study identifies to what extent children in Angola are deprived from adequate access to nutrition, health, child protection, malaria prevention, education, information, housing, water and sanitation. The study seeks to understand who the deprived children are and in which ways they are deprived.

Understanding child poverty and deprivation is key to develop policies that ensure children’s proper development and wellbeing. Analyses often focus solely on monetary well-being, utilizing income or expenditure measures to assess the poverty status of members of a given household. While financial constraints are one of the most important determinants of child deprivation, not all monetary poor children are deprived nor are all deprived children monetary poor.

Access to income at the household level may not directly translate into improvements in its members’ wellbeing, especially children, not only because they are not the decision-makers in households (they are not sovereign consumers), but also because their needs are specific and they are not necessarily fulfilled by higher household incomes.

In order to complement traditional income-based measures of poverty with multidimensional deprivation analysis and to generate quality evidence on child poverty and disparities, UNICEF developed MODA. MODA adopts a holistic definition of child wellbeing, concentrating on the access of children to various goods and services that are crucial for their survival and development. It recognizes that a child’s experience of deprivations is multi-faceted and interrelated, and that such multiple and overlapping deprivations are more likely to occur, and with greater adverse effects, in socio-economically disadvantaged groups.

Technicians from the Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE) and Ministério da Acção Social, Família e Promoção da Mulher (MAS.FPM) have been trained on the multidimensional poverty measurement and received hands-on instructions on its estimation by the SPRI team.

Click here for more information on this project via UNICEF Angola, in Portuguese. You can also read about it in UNICEF’s 2018 Knowledge for Children in Africa Publications Catalogue, available for full download from UNICEF ESARO.

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