The analysis of multiple overlapping deprivations and poverty (MODA) proposes a holistic approach to understanding the multidimensional nature of poverty and deprivations of children. N-MODA is a specific application of MODA which uses national databases and country context-specific parameters to analyse the situation of children in a specific country. The methodology was developed by the UNICEF Innocenti Office of Research.

MODA aims to analyse the deprivations of children and to identify the ways in which their deprivations overlap. Using recent high quality survey data specific contextualised choices can be made regarding different age groups, dimensions and indicators of deprivation, deprivation thresholds, and other methodological specifications to apply the MODA methodology for each specific country profile.

The deprivation analysis covers dimensions relating to access to necessary services in the areas such as health, nutrition, education, water, sanitation, child protection, and information. As the needs of children are specific at different stages of their life cycle, the children are often divided into different groups. That allows detailed analyses of age and gender specific profiles, deprivation and needs.

We present results from the MODA analysis and recommendations in policy papers. We have also designed a web portal to present the graphical results from the analysis in an interactive way.

For additional information, please see UNICEF Innocenti’s dedicated web portal.