Ethiopia has experienced an impressive rate of economic growth during the last decade. Yet despite this high economic growth and its translation, by some extent, into social welfare improvements, the development process has not equally benefited the most vulnerable groups: Thirteen million children are estimated to live in poor households in Ethiopia, two million of whom live in extreme poverty. To escape the vicious circle of poverty and pave the way for achieving its vision to reach the level of middle income nation by 2025, Ethiopia has committed to deepening its understanding of the multiple dimensions of child poverty.
SPRI Global was happy to support UNICEF Ethiopia and the Central Statistics Agency (CSA) in this endeavor by carrying out a multidimensional child deprivation analysis, applying UNICEF Innocenti’s Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) methodology. The study will primarily serve to monitor Ethiopia’s progress in achieving goals and objectives of the development agenda commitments and gain a comprehensive understanding of different aspects of children’s deprivation and poverty.
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia were used to select the indicators and dimensions of children’s well-being following MODA’s rights-based approach. The analysis was carried out separately for children under 5 years and children aged 5-17 years to reflect differences in children’s needs through their life-cycle. Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys 2016 and 2011 were used for the analysis and to track the country’s progress in improving child well-being over the five-year period.
This report provides evidence for monitoring SDG 1.2.2. Reducing poverty of men, women, and children of all ages in all its dimensions, and other targets of the Sustainable Development Agenda. The report’s results will advance understanding of multidimensional deprivation experienced by children of Ethiopia and help policy makers approach child poverty in an integrated and comprehensive manner, highlighting the commitment of the Government of Ethiopia and its development partners in enhancing evidence-based policy-making in the area of child poverty reduction.
The report is now accessible through UNICEF Ethiopia.
SPRI Global is currently also supporting UNICEF Ethiopia and the CSA in carrying out overlap analysis between monetary and multidimensional child poverty, which among others aims to identify the poorest and most vulnerable children in Ethiopia. The study will also use qualitative research to shed light into bottlenecks in provision of basic services.